Test of Reading Comprehension - 4 (TORC-4)
Author(s): Virginia L. Brown / Donald D. Hammill, EdD / J. Lee Wiederholt, EdD
- Vocabulary, Syntax, Paragraph Reading, Sentence Sequencing
- Individual Administration
- Norm Referenced
- Ages 7 through 17-11
- Qualification Level B
The Test of Reading Commprehension - Fourth Edition (TORC-4) is an innovative approach to testing silent reading comprehension that can be used to identify children and adolescents who score significantly below their peers and who therefore might need help in improving their reading proficiency and comprehension, and to document student progress in remedial programs. The number of subtests in the TORC-4 have been reduced, making the test more streamlined and time-efficient.
- Relational Vocabulary – From the Student Question Booklet, the student reads a set of three words that are in some way related to each other. The student is to then silently read another four words and choose two words that are related to the first set of three words.
- Sentence Completion – From the Student Question Booklet, the student silently reads a sentence that is missing two words. The student then silently reads a list of word pairs and chooses the word pair that best completes the sentence.
- Paragraph Construction – After silently reading a list of sentences that are not in logical order, the student must then rearrange the sentences to form a coherent paragraph.
- Text Comprehension – Students silently read a short passage and then answer five multiple-choice questions relative to the passage.
- Contextual Fluency – This subtest measures how many individual words students can recognize, in 3 minutes, in a series of passages taken from the Text Comprehension Subtest. Each passage, printed in uppercase letters without punctuation or spaces between words, becomes progressively more difficult in content, vocabulary, and grammar.
Administration and Scoring
The five subtests (Relational Vocabulary, Sentence Completion, Paragraph Construction, Text Comprehension, Contextual Fluency) are combined to form a composite called the Reading Comprehension Index, a standard score with a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. This index represents students' ability to understand contextual printed material.